The influences of these men, though often criticized, can clearly be seen in the centuries and decades following their noted works. Rousseau is a idealist and a theorist, but Machiavelli, at least in writing The Prince, is a hard-nosed pragmatist.
Invasions, corruption, and instable governments marked this time period. Because this is to be asserted in general of men, that they are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous, and as long as you succeed they are yours entirely; they will offer you their blood, property, life and children, as is said above, when the need is far distant; but when it approaches they turn against you.
So their very different views on human nature deeply informed their views of how people must be governed. Regardless as to who is most accurate, it is obvious that Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau all shaped modern political theories by their views.
At the forefront of the political debate were well-versed men such as Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Machiavelli emphasized the need for a prince to be every bit as duplicitous as his subjects in order to rule them. Beginning with the Scientific Revolution and only advancing during the Renaissance, secularization and skepticism lead to changes in not only the intellectual life of Westerners, but also to their politics.
Such is the force of They had to behave as tyrants, if necessary. Rousseau, on the other hand, posited that the best government would be one that ruled based on the "general will" of the people. In fact, this view of man is usually contrasted with Thomas Hobbes, who asserted that mankind was self-serving and depraved, driven to take from others in pursuit of self-preservation.
Men, in short, were innately good and decent, and were corrupted by their entrance into society. Speaking of man in his natural state, Rousseau observes: Rousseau argues that it is the trappings of so-called civilization that have corrupted man, and created a need for government.
He is less interested in how man became corrupted than in showing that rulers ought to deal with men as they are, not as they were or should be. According to Machiavelli, the state and its laws were a creation of man that should be protected by the prince in whatever means necessary. Machiavelli was a prominent figure during the early sixteenth century.
Machiavelli, through observation, saw what was necessary for an authoritarian state to be successful. Each had different ideas.
Rousseau believes that mankind is essentially good. Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau shared many concepts, but the similarities between their theories end at the word politics. According to Machiavelli, the success of the city-states was dependent on the effectiveness of the autocrats who headed these states.
Such is the pure emotion of nature, prior to all kinds of reflection!
Hobbes Locke Rousseau and Machiavelli The thirteenth through the eighteenth century brought profound changes in the political realm of Western civilization.It looks like you've lost connection to our server. Please check your internet connection or reload this page.
Difference Between Thomas Hobbes And Machiavelli Thomas Hobbes, the son of an English vicar in the late 16th Century, approaches the questions of politics and human nature in a unique way, but there are definite similarities between his work and the work of earlier philosophers.
Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau shared many concepts, but the similarities between their theories end at the word politics.
Each had different ideas. Rousseau’s and Locke’s ideas appear to be wishful thinking while Hobbes’s ideas seem to be too cynical. Machiavelli and Rousseau's Views on Human Nature and Government Words 3 Pages Machiavelli and Rousseau, both significant philosophers, had distinctive views on human nature and the relationship between the government and the governed.
Political Theory The Prince and Leviathan Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. John Locke and Niccolo Machiavelli are political philosophers writing in two different lands and two different times. Locke's 17th century England was on the verge of civil war and Machiavelli's 15th century Italy was on the verge of invasion.Download