In this activity, begin with the "Rock Layer Formation" mode to watch how the rock layers formed with various organisms fossilizing in the different layers. Be sure to check out all of the cool pictures of the different soil horizons by clicking on the United States map. The previous lesson introduces the concept that differences in eruption speeds result in a variety of volcano landforms.
The unit addresses the California Science Standards for 6th grade for the topics of Earthquakes and Volcanoes as well as Investigation and Experimentation. Using Index Fossils -As you may recall from class, index fossils are fossils of organisms that were from species that existed for short periods of time, were abundant, and were widespread geographically.
Shasta -In class, we created our own 3-D model of Mt. Water Cycle Diagram -Click on the various parts of this interactive diagram to learn more about all of the processes that are involved in the water cycle.
Geologic events, such as earthquakes and volcanoes result from movement of the plates. This activity helps you understand what are the perfect conditions in order for a fossil to be formed.
A circle is drawn around the areas with the same speed indicating where the epicenter should be drawn. Click here if you have a high speed connection for an even cooler version of this game. Students become familiar with the Mercalli scale of measuring intensity of earthquakes by the objects the earthquake moves.
This activity has a really good interactive map that lets you explore the various soils of the world. Upon completion of the 17 lessons, students take a Post-Assessment to determine their overall understanding of the concepts presented in the unit.
Areas in homes and schools where objects may fall are also identified as a precaution. Once the models are built, an earthquake simulator should be created from two pieces of wood with PVC pipes built in between.
The students should analyze how to reinforce the structures and work on the buildings again. Student experiments should include learning about basic building, creating models, working with different architectural challenges and building earthquake resistant bridges. You can help enrich the soil by composting.
Models using an apparatus that shows the surface changes build ideas of new visible landforms. Movement inside the volcano including vents and tubes is explored using materials that move material under pressure through a model of a volcano.
Let the adventures begin! Architectural Challenges Once students have a basic understanding on earthquake resistant building, students should research a variety of architecture for a variety of landscape challenges.
The hillside home will have a box of staples dropped on it to demonstrate falling debris. A model using spaghetti and a comparison to time is used to build understanding of the exponential increase in number.
The data is then used to identify origination of the earthquake.
Students self select the type of measure to show understanding. Landform Jigsaw Puzzle -One of the tools that cartographers use in creating accurate topographic maps is 3D aerial photography.
Your help is desperately needed in this area where a toxic chemical is making its way through to the underground water.
In this activity, drag and drop items from the Landscape box onto the section of earth. This activity explores how wind, water, volcanoes, and glaciers have had an impact on the shape of our land over time.Earthquakes Project Click on the link at the bottom for our Earthquakes Project Menu!
Main Dish: Blueprint and Building: First research some earthquake-safe building techniques, and then use this information to design a building that you think would withstand the next big one to hit your area.
Students learn how engineers design and construct buildings to withstand earthquake damage by building their own model structures using toothpicks and marshmallows.
They experiment to see how earthquake-proof their buildings are by testing them in an earthquake simulated in a pan of Jell-O®. Earth: All Stressed Out-This step-by-step exploration of what happens during an earthquake features a number of great animations to help us better understand just what goes on during an earthquake.
Observe What Happens During an Earthquake -There are 3 films from 3 different security cameras taken during the same earthquake at. Make an Earthquake! Students will learn about the different waves generated during an earthquake.
This experiment will help them visualize how P waves travel through earthquakes. Grade 6 Earth Science Earthquakes and Volcanoes Written By: Kim Castagna Jennifer Foster Meagan Callahan Tracy Schifferns Jean Rogers-O'Reilly Summer Bray Developed in Conjunction with K Alliance/WestEd All 6th Grade Earth Science - Earthquakes and Volcanoes Lessons and Literature can be Downloaded here Download.
Sixth Grade Experiments for Earthquake Resistant Structures By Charong Chow High death tolls in earthquakes usually come from building technology, not the quakes.Download