Two examples of this to gain How effective are backbench mps attention were the Badger Cull Debate and the prevention of sexual violence in international conflicts.
Overall, these government victories in Parliament show that the government majority controlled by party whips still maintain lots of control over backbenchers. The Backbench Business Committee or the BBC presents an opportunity to backbench members to bring forward debates of their choice, which means that they are able to hold government ministers to account and probe political action.
There are still weaknesses to their roles, but overall there is definitely a recent increase in the effectiveness of backbenchers in the UK. The executive is solely in control over private members bill and very few will ever pass unless they support it at which point it ceases to be a private members bill in all but official title.
However, it should be stressed that in the last How effective are backbench mps more and more female MPs and MPs from minority ethnic groups have become backbencher MPs, growing as a representative body and therefore becoming more effective.
This shows how effective backbenchers are via the fact that their debates present issues to the government which can then lead to legislation being made.
It could be argued that backbenchers have not exercised their opportunity to rebel against the party line enough to provide effective checks and balances on the executive — shown through the government being defeated only 7 times since These victories show that the government majority controlled by party whips still maintains much control over backbenchers, hindering their impact.
A similar result occurred when the Liberal Democrats withdrew their support from the issue surrounding boundary changes of the constituencies. However again due to limited time, and many debate motions wishing to be discussed, the Backbench Business Committee is limited in their ability to serve the interests of all backbench MPs, let alone the large number of e-petitions In conclusion, while backbenchers are having more of an influence in recent years, the executive still has a strong stranglehold over them and their activities, and thus they are really limited in their effectiveness in shaping world events.
This ultimately undermines the effectiveness of committees because although they provide sufficient scrutiny, the government is not legally bound to implement any changes suggested to them. Finally, the reduced government majority of the Coalition government has increased the effectiveness of backbenchers.
Outside of Parliament, they work in their constituency, communicating with their constituents by writing letters, emails and replying to phone calls. Despite their ability to rebel, backbench MPs are still controlled by party whips which is shown via the fact that the government has won the vote on all major legislation.
The Government has also been defeated on the EU Budget Debate and following pressure from backbenchers on select committees and in the House of Commons the government has u-turned on over 40 initiatives, the most recent u-turns being minimum alcohol prices, GCSE reform and the Data and Communications bill.
However findings of select committees are rarely as publicly known as debate chamber sound bites, so few know of the work they do and thus politicians are at liberty to ignore them as they see fit.
However private members bills are often effective at making a point, the previously mentioned example proving Douglas Carswells euroscepticism.
The debate was widely watched on Youtube and educated many on the flaws of current monetary policy in a way not hindered by party whips or political correctness.
With Parliament being sovereign and therefore the supreme law making authority, backbenchers are less pressured to toe the party line, and as a result are more able to carry out constituency duties. Effectiveness of backbenchers can be measure by how much they participate in House of Commons proceedings, and the BBC secures time on the floor of the House for the debate of backbench issues not addressed by government.
In the 30 minute sessions they have for scrutiny, backbenchers closely investigate whether funds are being used effectively, and whether the government are acting in public interest.
The rebellions rarely exceed a dozen of the most radical Tory MPS, and the governments working majority of over 70 means they are rarely effective at forming a resistance to the power of the executive. An example of how the government ignore the suggestions made by the BBC is the EU Referendum Debate, which was easily defeated on the floor of the House despite having a sizeable Tory rebellion.
Following intense scrutiny from the Treasury Select Committee, Osborne scrapped his plan of the unpopular taxation. Inside Parliament, backbenchers scrutinise and amend bills and, as mentioned before, they participate in debates.
In addition to this, Select Committees also lack the authority to punish lying or evasive ministers. Select committees now perform the bulk of the scrutiny of government and their impact is widely visible.
An example of backbench rebellion against the party line is in when the government were defeated on the EU Budget Debate because 53 Conservative backbenchers rebelled against the party line and preferred a cut.
These weaknesses indicate there is still work to do. Furthermore, in many cases BBC debates often get packages off into Westminster Hall for debate, which means there is no vote on them. By doing these things, they ensure that they have regular contact with their constituents so that they can accurately represent their views and interests within Parliament.
Still, backbench business motions are often ignored and can be easily defeated by a whipped vote from the government. However, once again the government has managed to pass the vast majority of its flagship programs.
Added to the fact that the Coalition is much more easily defeated with small backbench rebellions and we have a situation where backbenchers have experienced genuine revival since On Lords reform, Conservative backbenchers withdrew support and the initiative had to be dropped.
Finally a post reform of the House of Commons introduced the Backbench Business Committee, which is a forum for backbenchers to debate topical issues of the day.
The fact that the government has passed this program with little problems in Parliament shows that the government still has a high control over backbenchers when it matters. This shows increasing backbench effectiveness. Although having said this, a counter argument to this could be that male MPs can efficiently represent women just as effectively as female MPs can.
Conservative backbenchers withdrew support and the initiative had to be dropped, when the Lords Reform was raised within Parliament. However, with the recent formation of the Coalition government, certain reforms predict backbench MPs becoming more effective.
An example of this was when David Cameron did not act upon and cast aside the report on drug legalisation which was written by the Home Affairs Select Committee. Whilst working on Select Committees, backbenchers check and report on areas ranging from the work of government departments to economic affairs.‘How effective are backbench MPs?’ 40 marks Backbench MPs are critical for UK democracy.
They allow for high standard scrutiny of the government which holds them accountable for their actions to the people. They help in representing the electorate. How effective are backbench MPs?
Point 3 It is suggest that backbench MPs are highly effective in scrutinizing government legislation, identifying errors within it and suggesting improvement, improving the quality of executive legislation in the UK. E.g. Departmental Select Committees have found many errors in governmental action in the past and.
How Effective Are Backbench MPs? Since the Wright reforms ofbackbench MPs have become more and more effective in the UK. There are still weaknesses to their roles, but overall there is definitely a recent increase in.
‘How effective are backbench MPs?’ 40 marks Backbench MPs are critical for UK democracy. They allow for high standard scrutiny of the government which holds them accountable for their actions to the people.
They help in representing the electorate. Backbench Mps are highly effective within the British Political system, as they‘re able to scrutinize government actions and hold them to account in numerous ways. In conclusion, due to the fact that backbench MPs suggestions/motions can be ignored by government, the pressure to ‘toe-the-party-line’ from party whips and the lack of representation, it can be argued that backbench MPs are not effective.Download