Infectious disease are caued by various agents such as virus, bacteria, fungi and protozoa. A sign is something a doctor can detect, such as a swollen blood vessel or an enlarged internal body organ. This is a disease commonly found in the developing countries.
Lack of dietary iodine causes goiter. The word cretin appeared in English in Every doctor should provide free treatment to the poor at least a day every week. Iron deficiency causes hemoglobin deficiency in blood. These studies from United States and Switzerland clearly showed a causal link between daily consumption of iodized-salt and reduction in prevalence of goiter.
When the disease is more acute, the discoloration is more pronounced, hair is loosely rooted and pulls out in tufts, legs and feet swell with fluids, digestive problem arise, and the child becomes markedly apathetic.
Contrary to this, people in the developing countries suffer from many of the deficiency diseases.
Find articles by Chandrakant S. Some of the deficiency diseases have been briefly described here-under: Majority of consequences Iodine deficiency diseases essay IDD are invisible and irreversible but at the same time these are preventable.
Every living thing, both plants and animals, can succumb to disease. Globally two billion people are at risk of iodine deficiency disorders due to insufficient iodine intake 6. These changes are manifested prominently in school-aged children, who are particularly sensitive to variations in iodine intake.
Of the districts surveyed in India so far, districts are IDD-endemic, i. These estimates are based on the household-level coverage of adequately iodized salt as reported in Coverage Evaluation Survey CES and extrapolated to total population estimates from Census provisional figures 15 There is also a loss of appetite.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Impressive gains have been made in household-level coverage of adequately iodized salt more than 15 part per million of iodine content globally. The goiter initially is diffuse, but it eventually becomes nodular.
However, congenital hypothyroidism also known as cretinism in fetuses and young children prevents central nervous system development and maturation, resulting in permanent mental retardation, neurologic defects, and growth abnormalities.
The reduction in US dietary iodine intake since the s has likely been the result of the removal of iodate conditioners in store-bought breads, widely publicized recommendations for reduced salt and egg intake for blood pressure and cholesterol control, the increasing use of noniodized salt in manufactured or premade convenience foods, decreased iodine supplementation of cattle feed, poor education about the medical necessity of using iodized salt, and reduction in the number of meals made at home.
In India, the entire population is prone to IDD due to deficiency of iodine in the soil of the subcontinent and consequently the food derived from it. Lack of iodine can make an individual suffer from Thyroid and Goitre.
Consumption of alcohol should thus be decreased. There is, however, little doubt about the effects of malnutrition on the growth and development of the body. Xerophthalmia or Softening of Cornea: The prevalence of goitre was highest in Maharashtra Another prevalent form of malnutrition, especially in developing countries among women and small children, is anaemia, usually iron deficiency anaemia.
Of the countries which reported data for IDD in comprising TSH stimulates the growth and metabolic activity of thyroid follicular cells. We look critically at the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and the threats facing the IDD control activities in India.
The asymptomatic career can then pass the disease on to someone else without even knowing he has it. Public health initiatives to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease have resulted in lower discretionary salt use at the table. A chronic disease has a slow onset and runs a sometimes years-long course.
Iodine deficiency disorders IDD are linked to iodine deficient soil. Some such patients may have a goiter, without an elevated TSH. A number of different nutrition disorders may arise, depending on which nutrients are under or overabundant in the diet.
Zone B was the control area and received non-iodized salt.Iodine deficiency resulting in goiter occurs million people globally as of (% of the population). Certain areas of the world, due to natural deficiency and unavailability of iodine, are severely affected by iodine deficiency, which affects approximately two billion people worldwide.
(b) Mineral deficiency causes specific diseases.
(i) Anaemia: Iron deficiency causes hemoglobin deficiency in blood. (ii) Goitre: iodine deficiency causing no synthesis of thyrozine hormone of thyroid gland). (iii) Hypokalemia: (potassium deficiency). (iv) Hyponatremia: (sodium causes this state of low blood pressure and loss of body.
Malnutrition increases the risk of infection and infectious diseases; for example, vitamin C deficiency cause dental cavities, low infection resistance (colds), anemia, bleeding gums, breath shortness, capillary wall ruptures (bruise easily), muscle degeneration, nosebleeds, poor digestion, stress, weakened cartilages, blood clots, and slow healing wounds.
Medications: Small doses of iodine can be prescribed in the case of iodine deficiency. Aspirin if the cause is due to inflammation, for overactive thyroids, methhimazol and propylthiouracil, and if an underactive thyroid, Levothyroxine. Oct 14, · Severe iodine deficiency results in impaired thyroid hormone synthesis and/or thyroid enlargement (goiter).
Population effects of severe iodine deficiency, termed iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs), include endemic goiter, hypothyroidism, cretinism, decreased fertility rate, increased infant. Essay on Deficiency Disease - When all necessary nutrients are regularly consumed for the healthy growth and function of our bodies, is when a balanced diet has been achieved (Biology online, ).
A healthy diet has 7 key food types which all contribute to a balanced diet, these components are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals.Download